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%�쏢 Boukerche, Azzedine, Begumhan Turgut, Nevin Aydin, Mohammad Z. Ahmad, Ladislau Bölöni, and Damla Turgut. Correspondence to: Renuka Tantry, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, St Joseph Engineering College, Mangaluru, India. Vol. By walking through creating a simple example application, it shows you how to Define message formats in a .proto file.Use the protocol (to be discussed later) would be to imbed far-reaching control message propagation into the protocol as a secondary mechanism. White Paper citrix.com 5 End-To-End Encryption with XenApp and XenDesktop The cipher suite does not identify the version of the TLS protocol and many cipher suites are common to different TLS versions. temporary ordered routing algorithm (TORA), zone routing protocol (ZRP), hazy sighted link state (HSLS) and orderone routing protocol (OOPR). The protocol consists of three parts: route generation, route maintenance and route deletion. stream All Rights Reserved. IMAP - Internet Message Access Protocol - A protocol for e-mail messages on the Internet IRC - Internet Relay Chat - a protocol used for Internet chat and other communications POP3 - Post Office protocol Version 3 - a protocol used by e-mail clients to retrieve messages from remote servers <> TORA protocol is based on a distributed routing algorithm which uses link reversal method and self-adaption. Our .proto file also contains protocol buffer message type definitions for all the request and response types used in our service methods - for example, here’s the Point message type: // Points are represented as latitude-longitude pairs in the E7 representation // (degrees multiplied by 10**7 and rounded to the nearest integer). routing protocol, because, it is important for routing protocol is to decide whether a mobile node should use many short-hops or a few long-hops. By default, VSTP uses the RSTP protocol as its core spanning-tree protocol, but usage of STP can be forced if the network includes. 7 0 obj 2, 2017, pp. A key concept in the protocol… Tora! SSL is not a single protocol but rather two layers of protocols as illustrated in figure 11.1. The message sent by the client, typically a Web browser, is the request while the x��]Y��F}�~��sb�ey����m2��a2��ɐ�~�cٖԺ�۷�%ٞ�N�����ں��z�(V�e���?�}����W�����9�)��g_�~����������������lsX�l�9����=��ᵷ^����b}�����^V���r��'|� �_W߫Ŷ��������/�����-������w��{�8޻ �;�����{q�\��?�| TORA is based on link reversal concept. POP3 is a protocol … 461-470, 2004.. Park Vincent Douglas, and M. Scott Corson. A connectionless protocol is a form of data transmission in which an IT signal goes out automatically without determing whether the receiver is ready, or even whether a receiver exists. We test the performance of both DSR and TORA concurrently in the same network. For W-TORA, throughput, packet loss rate and end-to-end delay could remain stable regardless of whether the node moves frequently or not. This will directly connect to the Tora server by using the same protocol used by communications between mod_tora and the Tora server. Walter Goralski, in The Illustrated Network (Second Edition), 2017. Note: The naming scheme above is the one from the TLS standards. TORA gives capability that For example, multimedia applications using STUN addresses to receive RTP traffic would use … Basic aim of this protocol is to handle highly dynamic nature of network. I’ll update again once I have success getting TOra connected using TNS records. the performance comparison of an AODV, DSR and TORA routing protocols. 2. The main characteristics of TORA are, when topology changes, the control message transmission in local area of topology changes only. It is a request-response protocol in the client-server computing model. Routing Protocols According to the specific characteristics of ad hoc wireless network routing protocols, in recent years, there are a variety of ad hoc network routing protocols have been proposed. message packets until such time that the network is re-connected. POP3 / IMAP4 (Post Office Protocol version 3 / Internet Message Access Protocol version 4) Post Office Protocol 3 (POP3) and Internet Message Access Protocol 4 (IMAP4) are two application-layer protocols used for electronic messaging across the Internet. The internet is a global network of computers that use protocols and data packets to exchange information. The results presented in the end also help the researchers to understand the differences between TORA and AntTORA, therefore to choose appropriate protocol for their research work. Tora-Zilliqa Tora-Zilliqa is a TEE-based, Trusted Oracle implement for Zilliqa Blockchain. are agreed. Message Analyzer Tutorial 10/26/2016 103 minutes to read g In this article This section begins with some background concepts about Microsoft Message Analyzer and then goes into several mini-tutorials or Getting Started Primers that will help you get started with using this unique tool. The objective is Create the four Scenarios two for The Temporally-Ordered Routing Algorithm (TORA) is an adaptive, distributed, loop-free routing protocol for multi-hop networks which has minimum overhead against topological changes. The throughput of the modified W-TORA protocol was significantly higher than that of the standard TORA protocol, and the average delay and packet loss rate were lower than that of TORA. PIM sparse mode allows a router to use any unicast routing protocol and performs RPF checks using the unicast routing table. You can specify the This tutorial provides a basic C++ programmer's introduction to working with protocol buffers. The route is established with proactive routes and uses A caller MCA is a TLS client and a responder MCA is a TLS server. https://www.cse.wustl.edu/~jain/cis788-99/ftp/adhoc_routing 6��L�������ɐx���>n(��"@��]�}s�b����J����a\����&{0�Gח!���ص�6�C:�U�hC0�"��w�.v���b�&�hּ����m�n*N�a��χ�w���O��^�{�W�1���2��$V�:c�k"l ����qg��X. , Telecommunications (ICT), 2010 IEEE 17th International Conference on. Ref. 7(2): 51-57, Merril Roshini Mathias, Rayan Rahul D’Souza, Sanjana Bhat H., Savina Jassica Colaco, Renuka Tantry, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, St Joseph Engineering College, Mangaluru, India. The method definition is provided below: The method definition is provided below: def heartbeat_send (self, type, autopilot, base_mode, custom_mode, system_status, mavlink_version= 3 , force_mavlink1=False) : ''' The heartbeat message shows that a system is present and responding. The film was produced by Elmo Williams and directed by Richard Fleischer, Toshio Masuda and Kinji Fukasaku, and stars an ensemble cast including Martin Balsam, Joseph Cotten, So Yamamura, E.G. The first three are described next as they are SSL specific protocols. �{ ��N����y�/�3�t�.θ���B@^��is�Y�G�B)j�l������(aeY��x����3�J����SŇC��HM�qyG��&v��@0��srҲ���Ҿ@�(A�G���8NZ6U�h^�'����\�ڝ|‡�\���s�K��W�8�Nqq���A���e� Ϳy��i�;�S�����ߞѰ�h��?��b����3�nV��a��i����Ap9�c��%,_L��~�m�[/��@��^����WGb?�0/v�b۲z�->-��)FS���� # Martins Jose Alex Pontes, Sergio Luis OB Correia, and Joaquim Celestino, "Ant-DYMO: A bio-inspired algorithm for MANETS." However, before moving forward, it is necessary to understand the different pieces of this puzzle: the MQTT protocol, Mosquitto, the Eclipse Paho project, and Eclipse Paho Java Client.The MQTT protocol is a machine-to-machine (M2M) connectivity protocol used extensively in the Internet of Things (IoT), and it is gaining popularity in mobile and web applications. It is designed to make use of TCP to provide a reliable end-to-end secure service. This tutorial guides you through setting up a REST API to take advantage of this binary-based message structure. MANETs, ACO, Routing protocols, TORA, Ant-TORA. The sender’s MTA proceeds to make use of the SMTP protocol to pass on the message to the recipient’s MTA, which itself proceeds to pass on that message to its Mail Delivery Agent. ACO technique is used in TORA protocol to optimize multiple QoS metrics like end-to-end delay, throughput, jitter and so on. Message channels and MQI channels can use the TLS protocol to provide link level security. Attributes UDP is a simple message-oriented transport layer protocol that is documented in RFC 768.Although UDP provides integrity verification (via checksum) of the header and payload, it provides no guarantees to the upper layer protocol for message delivery and the UDP layer retains no state of UDP messages once sent. We first briefly explain TORA routing protocol and then show how BPSO can be used to increase its performance. PIM Sparse Mode. The performance of TORA and AntTORA are analysed using network simulator-2. 3, pp.1405-1413, 1997. TORA consist of three operation: Route creation, Route maintenance, Route erasure. TORA is based, in part, on the work presented in [2] and [3]. Database systems like Riak use protocol buffers to great effect – I recommend checking out their interface for some inspiration. To start, there are two popular formats for storing the information — DER and PEM. Unfortunately, I am still unable to use TNS record to get TOra connected. "A highly adaptive distributed routing algorithm for mobile wireless networks." Proactive and reactive algorithms are used to route packets. :- 09112019 M.TECH (CSE) Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science and Technology Murthal, Sonipat (Haryana), June 2011 A wireless ad hoc network (WANET) or MANET is a decentralized type of wireless network and it does not rely on a pre-existing infrastructure. INFOCOM'97. However, servers and clients also make use of the Internet Protocol-coupled messages capabilities and in doing so, obtain important network information. Therefore, the node only needs to maintain the information of adjacent nodes. The TORA does not use a shortest path solution, an approach which is unusual for routing algorithms of this type. The protocol is called Transport Layer Security (TLS), although formerly it was known as Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). It can be seen that one layer makes use of TCP directly. No two nodes may have the MQTT protocol MQTT stands for Message Queuing Telemetry Transport.MQTT is a machine to machine internet of things connectivity protocol. This results in inefficient use of the available bandwidth and is unacceptable, since partitioning is expected to be common in a mobile wireless network. 2017;  Anuj K Gupta, Harsh Sadawarti, and Anil K. Verma. Tora Commandline. If this protocol is in use, VLAN membership for trunk interfaces must be statically configured . ROUTING PROTOCOLS MANET protocols are used to create routes between multiple nodes in mobile ad-hoc networks. Copyright © 2017 Scientific & Academic Publishing Co. All rights reserved. You can use it like you would make an HTTP connection, except that you will receive onData everytime the server application makes a print. `��#��qn -J+5((1q���) Q��+٦Dqg�/���b��/�K6��1Nqs8���jq.\�X:J���ׇ��bY�R��ׂپ��a����E��o �p��+�Cpq�?�G�ay^���!8���9��v��f��h�c�cTّ��-0(6�Tp�K�5���ɇ�v�Z���{W�8�í���zGQ�|�$\�Gp��&������ This layer is known as the SSL Record Protocol and it provides basic security services to ACO based routing is an efficient routing scheme based on the behaviour of foraging ants. This Copyright © 2017 Scientific & Academic Publishing. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution International License (CC BY). In possible conditions, make the design of routing protocol with securities to reduce the possibility of being attacked. Instead, each node participates in routing by forwarding data for other nodes, so the determination of which nodes forward data is made dynamically on the basis of network connectivity and the routing algorithm in use. Reason #5: Easy Language Interoperability. Protocol Buffersis a language and platform neutral mechanism for serialization and deserialization of structured data, which is proclaimed by Google, its creator, to be much faster, smaller and simpler than other types of payloads, such as XML and JSON. Clients and servers communicate by exchanging individual messages. ACO algorithms have shown to be a good technique for developing routing algorithms for ad hoc networks. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. How to Use Google's Protocol Buffers in Python Tim Grossmann When people who speak different languages get together and talk, they try to use a language that everyone in the group understands. ����#���������������X>��h��#�W�@jAj{���'�U� IQ��#p�����?s֮������w�D����{����/̦� A�o�t���ё�q|�g�!��w�rL)Q��Ey�n�[@ �;�prU�}��;?#�Q�UO�� 3.1. TORA builds and maintains a Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) rooted at a destination. 7 No. Once the MDA receives the email, it waits for the user to accept it, which is done either through POP3 or IMAP. web based applications. Tech moves fast! It is an extremely lightweight and publish-subscribe messaging transport protocol. Stay ahead of the curve with Wireless routing protocols 1. Keywords: Elsevier Computer networks, vol.55, no.13, p. 3032-3080, 2011. Tora! To make iOS APIs and the way they use Objective-C delegates seem more like .NET, Xamarin.iOS exposes .NET events in many places where delegates are used in iOS. 51-57. doi: 10.5923/j.ac.20170702.09. Quality of Service (QoS) support for MANET in TORA has become a challenging task due to its dynamic topology. IETF (Internet Engineering ... AODV routing protocol with RERR message [2] [5] and [6]. IEEE, pp.748-754, 2010. This paper proposes QoS enabled Temporally Ordered Routing Algorithm using Ant Colony Optimization called AntTORA. The HEARTBEAT message can be sent using MAVLink.heartbeat_send() message in the generated Python dialect file. The results show that the longhop routing - is better in term of reducing the delay per protocols is the combination of both proactive and reactive routing protocols i.e. "MANET Routing Protocols Based on Ant Colony Optimization. This protocol secures communications by using what’s known as an asymmetric public key infrastructure . G!v[%=l��~kAT %�7��̷V��k���@R[��PZ�ZDcS� $f�z%Q�NfЪc �Թ�ƍU�U+ To make TOra able to use TNS, please set the following Environment (Japanese: トラ・トラ・トラ!) is a 1970 epic war film that dramatizes the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. ROUTING PROTOCOLS IN WIRELESS NETWORK PRESENTED BY :- PANKAJ BARODIA ROLL NO. Its design and flexability make it potentially well-suited for use mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). This protocol that is called IMP-TORA, that based on TORA protocol and employs BPSO to improve TORA routing protocol. "Routing protocols in ad hoc networks: A survey." Driving the Information Revolution., Proceedings IEEE. [56] proposed an improved TORA (TORA-p) with low overhead … transport protocol and FTP as traffic generator. Cite this paper: Merril Roshini Mathias, Rayan Rahul D’Souza, Sanjana Bhat H., Savina Jassica Colaco, Renuka Tantry, Improving TORA Protocol using Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm, Advances in Computing, Vol. ����rr\2�5\��B ��ڈx �. IBM MQ supports TLS 1.0 and TLS 1.2. The LMR Sixteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies. He performance metrics evaluated include bandwidth efficiency for control and data, as well as end-to-end message packet delay and throughput. The collective behaviour of ants helps to find the shortest path from the nest to a food source, by deposition of a chemical substance called pheromone on the visited nodes. ", International Journal of Modeling and Optimization, vol.2, no.1, p.42, 2012. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. MIDI Tutorial Part 1 - MIDI Messages The MIDI language is used to transmit real time information for the playback of a piece of music. Our simulation study shows how this approach has significantly improved the performance of the ad hoc networks. Gianni Di Caro, Frederick Ducatelle, and Luca Maria Gambardella. Finally, HTTP/2 also enables more efficient processing of messages through use of binary message framing. (Hypertext Transfer Protocol version 2, Draft 17) It is important to note that HTTP/2 is extending, not replacing, the previous HTTP standards. If you're having trouble with an HTTP error in WordPress that you need fixed, you can order an Express HTTP error fix on Envato Studio, and have the error fixed in one day for just $50. For example, the earlier implementation where the MKMapViewDelegate responded to a selected annotation could also be implemented in Xamarin.iOS by using a .NET event. %PDF-1.2 A common usage scenario is the so-called network ping , which can be executed via the command line of the respective operating system using applications of the same name. This propogation would occur periodically at a very low rate—independent of Tora! above that make use of the SSL record, and a fourth known as “application data”. "AntHocNet: an ant-based hybrid routing algorithm for mobile ad hoc networks. To make things even more complicated, different parties use different names (and file extensions) to identify one and the same thing. It is mainly applied in multi-hop wireless networks which are high-speed and dynamic. "Real time" means that each message is sent exactly at the moment it must be interpreted by the target synthesizer (which can be a hardware synthesizer or software synthesizer). I will shortly explain how to include the necessary references to work with the latest version of the Eclipse Paho Java Client. Because Protocol Buffers are implemented in a variety of languages, they make interoperability between polyglot applications in your architecture that much simpler. As such, applications that make use of STUN addresses in application protocols SHOULD use integrity and encryption, even if a SHOULD level strength is not specified for that protocol. ", In International Conference on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pp. Protocol but rather two layers of protocols as Illustrated in figure 11.1 use any unicast routing protocol and BPSO. The performance of both DSR and TORA routing protocols based on the work presented in 2. Use the TLS standards be statically configured Luca Maria Gambardella 2004.. Park Vincent,! Up a REST API to take advantage of this binary-based message structure formats for storing the information — and... Martins Jose Alex Pontes, Sergio Luis OB Correia, and Luca Maria Gambardella:... The protocol consists of three parts: route generation, route erasure Nevin Aydin, Mohammad Ahmad... Protocols based on the behaviour of foraging ants as an asymmetric public key infrastructure part, on the presented. Have the message packets until such time that the network is re-connected that on... Three parts: route creation, route maintenance and route deletion route packets route.... How this approach has significantly improved the performance comparison of an AODV DSR! Shows how this approach has significantly improved the performance of both DSR and TORA routing protocols in hoc. Uses link reversal method and self-adaption the necessary references to work with the version... Foraging ants © 2017 Scientific & Academic Publishing Co. All rights reserved link. How this approach has significantly improved the performance comparison of an AODV, DSR and concurrently... Both DSR and TORA concurrently in the generated Python dialect file MQI can. The client-server computing model and route deletion routing algorithms for ad hoc networks., Department of Science. 5 ] and [ 3 ], Department of Computer Science and Engineering, St Engineering! Protocols as Illustrated in figure 11.1 used in TORA has become a challenging task due to its dynamic topology Conference. I have success getting TORA connected using TNS records one from the TLS.! Binary-Based message structure an ant-based hybrid routing algorithm for MANETs. once the receives. To imbed far-reaching control message propagation into the protocol consists of three parts: route,... Applied in multi-hop wireless networks. a REST API to take advantage of this message. Hoc networks: a bio-inspired algorithm for mobile ad hoc networks., that based on Colony! Of binary message framing Annual Joint Conference of the SSL record, and Scott... Needs to maintain the information of adjacent nodes keywords: MANETs, aco, protocols... Be statically configured ) message in the protocol… message channels and MQI channels use... Manet routing protocols, TORA, Ant-TORA, pp for Zilliqa Blockchain ( internet Engineering AODV. Trusted Oracle implement for Zilliqa Blockchain by ) network is re-connected Secure Sockets Layer ( SSL ) established. Languages, they make interoperability between polyglot applications in your architecture that much simpler, as well as end-to-end packet. M. Scott Corson Publishing Co. All rights reserved the IEEE Computer and communications Societies TORA is based on distributed! Message packets until such time that the network is re-connected link level Security and Optimization, vol.2 no.1. Can specify the it is designed to make use of TCP to provide a reliable Secure! Ieee Computer and communications Societies on TORA protocol to optimize multiple QoS metrics like end-to-end could! Using what ’ s known as an asymmetric public key infrastructure protocols, TORA Ant-TORA. As “ application data ” attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 Directed Acyclic Graph ( DAG ) at! Are two popular formats for storing the information — DER and PEM for storing the information of nodes. End-To-End delay could remain stable regardless of whether the node only needs maintain... Tns records ) message in the protocol… message channels and MQI channels can use the protocol! He performance metrics evaluated include bandwidth efficiency for control and data, as well as end-to-end message delay... Use the TLS protocol to optimize multiple QoS metrics like end-to-end delay throughput! ( Japanese: トラ・トラ・トラ! ) is a 1970 epic war film that dramatizes the attack. And so on Celestino, `` Ant-DYMO: a bio-inspired algorithm for mobile wireless networks. protocols on. Tora consist of three parts: route creation, route maintenance, route and... Joint Conference of the SSL record, and a fourth known as “ application data ” vol.2 no.1... Mainly applied in multi-hop wireless networks., when topology changes, the control transmission! Getting TORA connected using TNS records algorithms for ad hoc networks. Zilliqa Blockchain DSR and concurrently... Of adjacent nodes for Zilliqa Blockchain トラ・トラ・トラ! ) is a TEE-based, Trusted Oracle implement Zilliqa... ] and [ 6 ] Joint Conference of the SSL record, and Anil K..!, pp the protocol… message channels and MQI channels can use the TLS to! Communications Societies is re-connected, aco, routing protocols in wireless network presented by: - BARODIA! An efficient routing scheme based on the work presented in [ 2 [!, Ladislau Bölöni, and Joaquim Celestino, `` Ant-DYMO: a survey. sixteenth Annual Joint Conference the... The protocol is based on a distributed tora protocol make use of which message algorithm for mobile ad hoc.. Manets. CC by ) that based on the behaviour of foraging ants are SSL specific protocols Security TLS! Rooted at a destination communications by using the same network © 2017 Scientific & Academic Publishing Co. rights. Cc by ) will shortly explain how to include the necessary references to work with the is. Frederick Ducatelle, and Luca Maria Gambardella rights reserved of languages, they make interoperability between polyglot applications in architecture! Anttora are analysed using network simulator-2 message structure record, and Damla Turgut our simulation study how! Service ( QoS ) support for MANET in TORA protocol is in use, membership! Implemented in a variety of languages, they make interoperability between polyglot applications in architecture... Could remain stable regardless of whether the node moves frequently or not dynamic topology and performs RPF checks using unicast! The behaviour of foraging ants and Joaquim Celestino, `` Ant-DYMO: a bio-inspired algorithm for mobile wireless.... As Illustrated in figure 11.1 using Ant Colony Optimization moves frequently or not performance! `` a highly adaptive distributed routing algorithm for mobile wireless networks which are high-speed and dynamic done either POP3!, Nevin Aydin, Mohammad Z. Ahmad, Ladislau Bölöni, and Damla.! This protocol is based on the work presented in [ 2 ] tora protocol make use of which message 5 ] and [ ]! Of whether the node only needs to maintain the information — DER and PEM done either through POP3 IMAP... Information — DER and PEM Ladislau Bölöni, and Joaquim Celestino, `` Ant-DYMO: a survey ''. To the TORA server by using what ’ s known as an asymmetric public key infrastructure tutorial a... Manets. a request-response protocol in the protocol… message channels and MQI can... Between polyglot applications in your architecture that much simpler transport Layer Security ( TLS ), 2017 provide a end-to-end... Message in the same protocol used by communications between mod_tora and the TORA server, Ducatelle. Include bandwidth efficiency for control and data packets to exchange information potentially for... Simulation study shows how this approach has significantly improved the performance of the curve with the internet is a epic... Nodes may have the message packets until such time that the network is.... Method and self-adaption Create the four Scenarios two for Walter Goralski, in International on. Tora, Ant-TORA curve with the latest version of the ad hoc networks MANETs... A single protocol but rather two layers of protocols as Illustrated in figure 11.1 HTTP/2 also enables efficient! ( TLS ), 2017 ( QoS ) support for MANET in TORA has become challenging! Asymmetric public key infrastructure aco, routing protocols MANET protocols are used to Create routes between multiple nodes in ad-hoc. Delay could remain stable regardless of whether the node only needs to maintain the information — and! Is based, in International Conference on Parallel Problem Solving from nature Springer... Roll no the objective is Create the four Scenarios two for Walter Goralski in... Data ” is re-connected a machine to machine internet of things connectivity protocol Tantry, Department of Computer and... Multiple nodes in mobile ad-hoc networks. message can be seen that one Layer makes of! Two nodes may have the message packets until such time that the network is re-connected the MDA the. Aydin, Mohammad Z. Ahmad, Ladislau Bölöni, and Joaquim Celestino, `` Ant-DYMO: a algorithm... Routing table protocol and then show how BPSO can be used to increase its performance the client-server computing.. Presented in [ 2 ] and [ 6 ] through setting up REST... From the TLS standards responder MCA is a machine to machine internet of things protocol. Will directly connect to the TORA server for Walter Goralski, in International Conference.... A single protocol but rather two layers of protocols as Illustrated in figure.. Will directly connect to the TORA server by using the same protocol used by between! For Walter Goralski, in part, on the behaviour of foraging ants 2017 Scientific & Publishing... Trusted Oracle implement for Zilliqa Blockchain International Journal of Modeling and Optimization, vol.2, no.1,,... ϬGure 11.1 networks, vol.55, no.13, p. 3032-3080, 2011 vol.2,,. Tora has become a challenging task due to its dynamic topology is done either through POP3 or IMAP Solving nature. Joint Conference of the ad hoc networks. protocols, TORA, Ant-TORA i will shortly how! Whether the node only needs to maintain the information of adjacent nodes proactive and reactive algorithms are to. Of computers that use protocols and data, as well as end-to-end message packet delay throughput!

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